Swansea University is a UK top 30 institution for research excellence (Research Excellence Framework 2014), and has been named Welsh University of the Year 2017 by The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide.
Funding provider: Welsh Government and European Regional Development Fund
Subject areas: Materials Science, Physics, Chemistry, Nanotechnology , Chemical Engineering, Electrochemistry, Materials Chemistry
Start date: 8 January 2018
Energy sustainability is an emerging issue to date due to huge consumption of fossil-fuel sources (coal, natural gas, liquid fuel) in domestic and industrial sectors. The artificial photosynthesis process is a promising route to convert the solar energy into fuel and electricity. In this line, developing earth abundance, less expensive semiconductor materials perceive great attention owing to their potentiality in photoabsorbance, and catalytic activity towards transforming solar energy in to fuel generation using water and pollutant. For example, titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a well-known photocatalyst/photoelectrocatalyst to oxidise the water into oxygen gas under light irradiation. However, its wide band gap energy nature (~3.2 eV) restrict the visible light photon harvesting from solar spectrum. This project aims to maximise the solar light harvesting to the photoelectrocatalysis reaction through introducing nanostructured visible light semiconductors (modified TiO2, WO3, BiVO4, CdS, CuO, NiO, etc – powder and film form). In first phase, these materials will be prepared through integrated physio-chemical approach (spray coating, screen printing, and hydrothermal technique). In second phase, wide-range of co-catalyst materials will be deposited onto these visible light semiconductors. The resultant nanostructured hybrid semiconductor electrodes were to be tested in photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting process and quantifying the fuel output (oxygen and hydrogen). In final stage, the prototype electrodes will be tested in pilot scale flow-type PEC cells. In this stage, different types of water pollutant will be tested in the PEC cells. The major challenges of a) understanding the photocharge carrier transfer mechanism at electrode/pollutant interfaces and b) origin of photocorrosion in the electrode will be exclusively examined in this project. These findings would be significant to researchers interested in identifying alternative routes in designing the champion, low-cost photocatalyst/photoelectrocatalyst towards solving the future energy crises.
Developing nanoscale semiconductor thin films or electrodes and demonstrate their photoelectrocatalytic properties in solar fuel (hydrogen and oxygen) generation and water pollutant treatment.
Supervisor: Dr. Sudhagar Pitchaimuthu
The College of Engineering at Swansea University is based at the recently opened £450M Bay Campus and has world class research, links with industry and outstanding facilities. It has a record of £120M of research funding since 2008. This research project will be embedded within Materials Engineering which is ranked 5th in the UK (The Times Good University Guide 2017) and in the top 200 departments in the world (Shanghai Global Rankings). Part of the material analysis will be carried out at Prof. James Durrant research group at Imperial College London.
Candidates must have a first class in Master’s degree with Merit, in a relevant discipline (Physics, Chemistry, Material Science, Nanotechnology).
Hands-on experience in nanomaterials synthesis, thin films fabrication, handling electrochemical station is preferable.
Applications are welcome from International Students on the understanding that the difference between the fees awarded (£4,500) and the international fee rate would be met by the successful candidate.
The studentship covers the full cost of UK/EU tuition fees, plus an annual stipend of £14,000.
There will be additional funds for research expenses.
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